Gynecomastia is a condition in which the hormonal imbalance of estrogen and testosterone increases the breast gland tissue. In some states, it can affect both breasts or one. As the hormonal changes occur, newborns, adolescents, and older men develop gynecomastia. Ideally, it is not considered a severe problem, but sometimes it becomes challenging to deal with it. Gynecomastia treatment Melbourne allows the person to get rid of this condition. Men and boys are suffering from gynecomastia experience pain in the breasts. Overall, the situation is embarrassing, but medication and surgery can control it. 


The signs and symptoms of gynecomastia are listed below,

  • Tenderness in breasts
  • Swollen breast tissue 


The decrease level of testosterone and hormone is the leading cause of gynecomastia. The decrease level blocks the effect of testosterone and reduces the testosterone by increasing the level of estrogen. Some of the things that can cause hormonal imbalance are listed below,  

Natural change in hormones: 

In men and women, estrogen and testosterone are the known sex characteristics. The male traits are controlled by testosterone, including muscle mass and body hair. However, female parts are governed by the estrogen that prevents the growth of breasts. Many people think that estrogen is produced in females only, but the truth is the opposite. Male produce estrogen but in small quantities. So, the high level of estrogen in males and the low level of testosterone can lead to gynecomastia.


According to the studies, more than half of male kids are born with enlarged breasts due to mothers’ abnormal estrogen levels. But, it goes away after few weeks of birth. 


During puberty, the condition is caused by hormonal change. Sometimes, the person is not required to get the appropriate treatment as it goes away within six or two years. 


At the age of 50-69, the prevalence of gynecomastia increases. Every one in four men gets affected by this condition.

Health conditions: 

Some health conditions disturb normal hormonal functioning, leading towards gynecomastia. 


Klinefelter syndrome is a common condition that interferes with testosterone production. 


The hormonal changes occur with age and cause gynecomastia, especially in overweight men.


The tumor in the testes, adrenal glands, and pituitary glands causes testosterone hormone production, alerting the hormone balance.


In hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland produces the thyroxine hormone in high amounts. 

Kidney failure:

In dialysis, the hormone change occurs, causing gynecomastia.

Liver failure: 

The misbalance of the liver function causes hormonal changes, and cirrhosis medicine is linked with the common condition.

Malnutrition and starvation:

In-state malnutrition, the level of testosterone falls, and estrogen level remain the same, creating a hormonal imbalance.

Herbal products: 

The use of herbal products such as lavender, tea tree, and oil used in shampoos, soaps, and lotions weakens the estrogen activity and causes gynecomastia. 

Risk factors:

The risk factor of gynecomastia rises in the old and adult age. Furthermore, athletes use steroids that increase their athletic performance. Lastly, thyroid, kidney, and liver disease make the person prone to gynecomastia. 

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